Raynaud’s syndrome is characterized by episodic vascular spasm and digital ischemia occuring in response to cold or stress.
The spasm blocks the flow of blood directed to fingers and toe.
Most of the patients are affected to the fingers, while 40% is affected to toes.

Raynaud’s is usually provoked by stress or cold and also by contact either with cold solids or liquids. This causes the affected areas to change colour, numbness and even pain.

Raynaud’s is often associated with hyperhidrosis and the selective clamping of the sympathetic nerve is the proven cure for the Primary Raynaud’s with a high success rate:

The complexity of this disease requires an accurate clinical evaluation by an expert.